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Flat Rate VAT – Can you benefit?

We have recently worked with a few of our clients to help make VAT registration work for them.

As a small business VAT registration whether compulsory or voluntary can be a daunting task but what if you could vastly reduce the work involved and even profit from registering?

If your turnover is less than £150,000 then you can use the flat rate scheme. Under the scheme you still charge VAT to your customers in the normal way but instead of knocking off VAT on your purchases a percentage of your VAT inclusive turnover is paid to HMRC. The flat rate percentage varies by trade but for example using a 10% flat rate, on £1,000 of sales, VAT of £200 would be charged and only £120 would be payable to HMRC, therefore retaining £80.

If you are below the VAT registration threshold but most of your sales/services are to other VAT registered businesses then you could benefit the most.

Please contact us to discuss this further if it is of interest.

Employers NI – Under 21s

With effect from 6 April 2015 every employer with employees under the age of 21 will no longer pay Class 1 secondary National Insurance contributions on earnings up to the upper earnings limit (£815 per week).

If you operate your own payroll and have employees under 21 please ensure the correct NI category letter is used to reflect these changes.

Marriage Allowance

From 6 April 2015 married couples and civil partners will be able to transfer some of their personal allowance to their spouse or civil partner.

Where a spouse or civil partner does not pay tax (their earnings are below £10,600) they can transfer up to £1,060 of their personal allowance to the other spouse or civil partner as long as they are within the basic rate of income tax.

If the full £1,060 of allowance is transferred then tax of £212 can be saved.

You can register your interest before April using the following https://www.gov.uk/marriage-allowance and HMRC will then contact you.

Chancellors Budget 18 March 2015

Tax Year 2015/16

Income Tax

Tax rates are:

0% between £0 and £10,600
20% between £10,600 and £42,385
40% between £42,385 and £150,000
45% above £150,000

Personal allowance:

£10,600 aged under 75
£10,660 aged 75 and over

Note 1 – where income exceeds £100,000 the personal allowance is reduced by £1 for every £2 of income above £100,000
Note 2 – from 6.4.15 married couples and civil partners will be able to transfer up to £1,060 of their personal allowance to their spouse where both people don’t pay above the 20% rate. Please use the following link if you would like to register for this www.gov.uk/marriage-allowance

National Insurance
Self-employed
Class 2’s £2.80 per week but can be exempt if profits below £5,965
Class 4’s 9% between £8,060 and £42,385
Class 4’s 2% above £42,385
Employees
Class 1’s 12% between £155 and £815 per week
Class 1’s 2% above £815 per week
Employers
Class 1’s 13.8% above £156 per week

Please note that self-employed class 2’s for 2015/16 will be paid in January 2017

Corporation Tax

From 1 April 2015 there will be a single rate of corporation tax of 20%

VAT

Compulsory registration if taxable supplies are above £82,000 within the previous 12 months. The de-registration threshold is £80,000
The flat rate scheme can be opted into where turnover is £150,000 or less and the scheme must be left if turnover goes above £230,000
The cash accounting scheme can be used where turnover is less than £1.35m and the scheme must be left if turnover goes above £1.6m

Capital Allowances

The annual investment allowance remains at £500,000 until 31.12.15. The chancellor will announce the new allowance in the autumn statement
Writing down allowances remain at 18%
There are special rules for cars:
Cars with CO2’s up to 75g/km                                       100%
Cars with CO2’s between 75g/km and 130g/km      18%
Cars with CO2’s above 130g/km                                   8%
For leased cars above 130g/km there is a 15% disallowance for tax

Capital Gains Tax

The annual allowance for individuals increases to £11,100 from 6.4.15
The CGT rates are as follows:
Where normal income + gains are less than £42,385              18%
Where normal income + gains are more than £42,385            28%
For sales of businesses up to £10m of lifetime gains                 10%

Inheritance Tax

The nil rate band of £325,000 (£650,000 for married couples and civil partners) remains the same. The rate of tax remains at 40%.

Personal companies – optimal 2015/16 salary and dividends

With the introduction of the Employment Allowance last year, and the personal allowance increasing to £10600 on 6.4.15, the optimal salary for 2015/16 where the director has no other income will be £10600. Athough this will result in the director paying some employees N.I (12% of £10600-£8060 = £304.80), his corporation tax bill is reduced by £508 (20% of £10600-£8060). The employers N.I. (13.8% of £10600-£8112 = £343.34) will be fully cancelled by the Employment Allowance which is up to £2000.

Net dividends of no more than £28606 for the year will keep the director inside the 40% tax threshold. Net dividends of £28606 = gross dividends of £31784. Adding in the salary of £10600 gives gross income of £42384. The 40% tax threshold for 2015/16 is £42385.

Ride the Ride

On the 31st May Dan will be taking part in ‘Ride the Ride’  which is a 68 mile bike ride from Edwinstowe to Skegness. The ride has been organised to raise money for the Andrew Duffil Fund (Andy is a close friend of the family who suffered a serious head injury from a motor accident in December 2013) and has been setup to assist with Andy’s care and rehabilitation.

If you are able to help this great cause by sponsoring Dan even just a small amount your support would be greatly appreciated by all concerned. Please contact us at the office for details.

 

Auto Enrolment

With Auto Enrolment starting in less than 12 months for some of our clients we will be contacting all clients operating PAYE in the near future.

For reference please find attached a copy of our Auto Enrolment – Update for Employers.

Auto Enrolment

Employers National Insurance Allowance

Just a reminder that from April 2014 the first £2,000 of employers NI is exempt. Directors of limited companies currently drawing salary at the NI threshold may benefit from increasing their salary. Please contact us for guidance.

The allowance will be claimed through the EPS as part of normal payroll procedures.

Chancellors Budget 19.03.2014

Income Tax and National Insurance – please see our pre-budget update.

Corporation Tax – from 1.4.14 the small companies rate remains at 20% (on the first £300k of profits). The large companies rate drops from 23% to 21% from 1.4.14, and 21% to 20% from 1.4.15. Large companies are those where profits exceed £1.5m. There are marginal rates of tax on profits between £300k and £1.5m.

VAT – from 1.4.14 the registration limit increases from £79k to £81k.

Capital Allowances – the annual investment allowance will increase from £250k to £500k in April 2014 but is planned to drop to £25k in January 2016. Writing down allowances remain at 18% (main rate including cars with 96-130g/km) and 8% (lower rate including cars over 130g/km). Cars up to 95g/km will attract 100% first year allowance.

Capital Gains Tax – the annual allowance for individuals increases to £11,000 from April 2014. The CGT rates remain the same at 18% (or 28% for gains above the basic rate band). The entrepreneurs relief rate stays at 10% for the sale of businesses for the first £10m of lifetime gains.

Inheritance Tax – the nil rate band of £325k (£650k for married couples and civil partners) remains the same. The rate of tax remains at 40%.

Business Mileage – rates remain the same at 45p/mile for the first 10,000 miles and 25p/mile on the excess.

ISA’s – from 1.7.14 the limit will be £15,000 per annum.

Pensions – from April 2015 individuals will not have to buy an annuity and will have freedom in how they access their pension pot.

Pre-budget Update

Following the Autumn Statement and subsequent releases changes for the tax year 2014/15 have been outlined as below

National Insurance Contributions

Self-employed class 2 will be £2.75 per week

Self-employed class 4 will be payable between £7956 and £41865 at 9%, above £41865 the additional rate is payable at 2%

Employee’s class 1 is due between £153 to £805 per week at 12%, above £805 per week the additional rate is payable at 2%

Employer’s class 1 is due above £153 per week at 13.8%

Note: From April 2014 the first £2000 of employers NI is exempt from payment.

It has also been proposed that from April 15 employers will not have to pay the employer’s class 1 NICs on the wages of employees aged under 21 where the employee earns less than £813 per week.

Sick Pay Support

Currently employers can recover statutory sick pay (SSP) paid to employees where the total paid exceeds 13% of total class 1 NICs of the same month. This is to be abolished from 6 April 2014 therefore making SSP an unrecoverable cost for all employers.

Income Tax Allowances

The standard personal allowance will increase to £10,000

The personal allowance for those aged 65-74 will remain at £10,500

The personal allowance for those 75 and over will remain at £10,660

Note: The age related allowance will reduce to the standard allowance if total income exceeds £27,000.

The income tax bands will be as follows

Basic rate (20%) up to £31,865 (over personal allowance ie £41,865 in total)

Higher rate (40%) from £31,866 to £150,000

Additional rate (45%) over £150,000

Note: The personal allowance will again reduce where income exceeds £100,000

Married Couples Allowance

From April 2015 married couples and civil partners will be able to transfer up to £1000 of their personal allowance to their spouse but this can only be applied if both members of the couple are basic rate taxpayers or pay no tax in the year.

Capital Gains Tax

Where you sell a property that has at some point in time been your main home any gain on the period occupied is free from tax as is the the last 36 months of ownership. From 5 April 2014 any disposals made will only receive a final tax free period of 18 months.

Once the budget has been announced on the 19 March 2014 our normal update will be made with any revisions.

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